Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease the consequence of parasite. Malaria symptoms include fever and flu-like illness, including shaking chills, headache, muscle aches, and tiredness. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) as a result of loss of red blood cells. Infection with one type of malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, if not promptly treated, may cause kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death.
Annually 350 to 500 million cases of malaria occur world-wide, as well as over 1 million people die, the majority of them small children.
The Anopheles Malaria Mosquito. Where malaria disease is located depends mainly on climatic factors including temperature, humidity, and rainfall. The primary areas where malaria disease is located are; Africa, Madagascar, India and South America. Malaria is transmitted in tropical and subtropical areas, in which the host mosquito, in the genus Anopheles, has the capacity to survive and multiply. You will find approximately 430 Anopheles mosquito species, only 30 to 40 which transmit the malaria parasite.
Only in locations where the malaria parasites can complete its growth cycle within the mosquitoes can humans be infected. There are four varieties of malaria parasite that can infect humans they are; Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae. Time required for progression of the parasite within the mosquito (the extrinsic incubation period) ranges from 10 to 21 days, depending on the parasite species and the temperature.
Spider poison a scientific breakthrough to battle malaria – Scientists through the University of Maryland have tested a drug from spider poison, a scientific breakthrough which could end the international fight against malaria.
Scientists have even reached the spider’s poison that may kill malaria-carrying mosquitoes, when fungi enter into contact with insect blood, in a scientific step which could fight other mosquito-borne diseases, such hlomqc dengue fever and zika.
Scientists believe that utilizing the same technology 1 day can fight various other mosquito-borne diseases, including zika and dengue fever.
By using fungus together with traditional insecticides, scientists believe they can prevent mosquitoes from developing resistance. The identical technology may be used once to combat other mosquito-borne diseases, like zika and dengue fever.